Collective Health is a scientific field in which knowledge about “health” is produced and different disciplines (epidemiology, social and human sciences in health, policies, planning and management of health systems and services) operate under it; also a range of practices, in which actions are carried out in different organizations and institutions by different agents (specialized or not) within and outside the space conventionally recognized as “health sector”. As a field of knowledge, Collective Health studies the health-disease phenomenon as a social process in populations; investigates the production and distribution of diseases in society as a result of processes of production and social reproduction; it also analyzes health practices in their articulation with other social practices; aims to understand the ways in which society identifies its health needs and problems, seeks its explanation and organizes itself to fight them. (EXTRACT FROM CAPES AREA REPORT)