Collective Health is a scientific area that generates knowledge about “health” with various disciplines (epidemiology, social and human sciences in health, policies, planning, and management of health systems and services). It comprises a broad scope of practices, where actions are carried out in different organizations and institutions by different professionals (specialized or not) from the “health sector”. As a field of knowledge, the Public Health studies the health-disease phenomenon as a social process in populations; investigates the onset and distribution of diseases in the society as a result of production and social reproduction processes; analyzes health practices and their connection with other social practices; and intends to understand how society identifies the health needs and problems. (TEXT FROM CAPES AREA REPORT)